Carbon Monoxide(CO) is an odorless, colorless, and toxic gas. Carbon Monoxide fumes are impossible to see, taste, or smell. Carbon Monoxide can kill you before you are aware it is in your home. At lower levels of exposure, CO causes mild effects that are often mistaken for the flu. These symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effects of CO exposure can vary greatly from person to person depending on age, overall health, and the concentration and length of exposure.
Incomplete oxidation during combustion in gas ranges and unvented gas or kerosene heaters may cause high concentrations of CO in indoor air. Worn or poorly adjusted and maintained combustion devices (e.g., boilers, furnaces) can be significant sources, or if the flue is improperly sized, blocked, disconnected, or is leaking. Auto, truck, or bus exhaust from attached garages, nearby roads, or parking areas can also be a source.
At low concentrations, fatigue in healthy people and chest pain in people with heart disease. At higher concentrations, impaired vision and coordination; headaches; dizziness; confusion; nausea. Can cause flu-like symptoms that clear up after leaving home. Fatal at very high concentrations. Acute effects are due to the formation of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood, which inhibits oxygen intake. At moderate concentrations, angina, impaired vision, and reduced brain function may result. At higher concentrations, CO exposure can be fatal.
Average levels in homes without gas stoves vary from 0.5 to 5 parts per million(ppm). Levels near properly adjusted gas stoves are often 5 to 15 ppm and those near poorly adjusted stoves may be 30 ppm or higher. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) recommends that every home should have a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm. CPSC also urges consumers to have a professional inspection of all fuel burning appliances, including:
to detect deadly carbon monoxide leaks. CPSC recommends that every home should have at least one CO alarm that meets the requirements of the most recent Underwriters Laboratories(UL) 2034 standard or International Approval Services 6-96 standard. http://www.cpsc.gov/safety-education/safety-education-centers/carbon-monoxide-information-center/
It is most important to be sure combustion equipment is maintained and properly adjusted. Vehicular use should be carefully managed adjacent to buildings and in vocational programs. Additional ventilation can be used as a temporary measure when high levels of CO are expected for short periods of time.
To report a dangerous product or a product-related injury, call the Consumer Product Safety
Commission's (CPSC) hotline.
To obtain recall information from CPSC visit: www.cpsc.gov
To report product hazards send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
To learn more about Carbon Monoxide visit the EPA's Carbon Monoxide page at www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html
A smoke alarm is the best early fire detection device available to the average homeowner. With properly placed and maintained smoke detectors you increase your chances of survival by 50%.
Most residential fire deaths occur between 11 P.M. and 7 A.M. This is the time of greatest danger, when people are asleep. The primary killer is smoke and poisonous gases which overcome victims as they sleep. From the time a fire breaks out there is a limited amount of time that a person has to escape. With the early warning of a smoke detector, you can be awakened during the early stages of a fire while escape is still possible.
Q. How much does a smoke detectors cost?
A. Most range in price from $5 to $20.
Q. What Kind of Smoke Alarm Should I Buy?
A. Both battery-powered and house current-powered smoke detectors do a good job. Make sure the one you choose has been tested by a nationally-recognized testing laboratory.
Q. How Many Smoke Alarms Do I Need?
A. There should be at least one detector on every floor of the house (except the attic unless it is used for sleeping space). Additional detectors will increase the chance of early detection.
Q. Where should I place Smoke Alarms?
A. Smoke detectors should be placed near bedrooms either on the ceiling, at least 6 to 12 inches away from the wall, or on the wall, 6 to 12 inches down from the ceiling. Take care to keep the detector away from drafts created by fans or air ducts. This allows the detector to sense the smoke as it approaches the sleeping area.
Q. How Do I Install A Smoke Alarm
A. Battery-operated detectors can be attached directly to the ceiling or wall. Wired-in electric detectors are somewhat more difficult to install and may require an electrician.
Q. What Maintenance Do Smoke Alarms Require?
A. Test the detector at least monthly by pushing the test button. Once a year vacuum the dust from alarm air vents. Replace batteries when you adjust your time for daylight savings each Spring and Fall.
Q. Is There Anything Else I Should Do Once I Install Smoke Detectors?
A. Yes! Hold practice drills with your whole family so they will know what to do if your detector ever alerts you of an emergency
Many lives have been lost simply because people were not prepared to deal with accidental fires. In fact, it is estimated that less that 5% of the nation's homes have fire extinguishers.
Fire extinguishers are considered first-aid equipment for controlling and putting out small fires before they become too large. However, they are no substitute for the fire department in the event of a large or major blaze.
Having the proper fire extinguisher, as well as knowing how to use it and when not to use it, is important in safeguarding your household. Selecting the proper extinguisher for your home is as simple as A-B-C. Make sure that all adult family members know how to use fire extinguishers. A unit with a gauge will enable you to check for enough pressure to do the job effectively. Most home units are disposable. Therefore, never expel the home extinguisher to see if it works. Hold practice fire drills so everyone knows how to escape a fire.
Below are some frequently asked questions concerning Recreational Fires within the City of Ravenna. If you still have questions concerning a recreational fire, either planned or ongoing, please don't hesitate to call the Fire Department at 330-297-5738.
The Ravenna City Fire Department offers free blood pressure checks on a walk in basis at the Fire Station located at 214 Park Way. No appointment is necessary
Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood against the walls of the arteries.
Blood pressure results from two forces. One is created by the heart as it pumps blood into the arteries and through the circulatory system. The other is the force of the arteries as they resist the blood flow.
High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. In fact, many people have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. That's why it's called the "silent killer." Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. It doesn't refer to being tense, nervous or hyperactive. You can be a calm, relaxed person and still have high blood pressure.
A single elevated blood pressure reading doesn't mean you have high blood pressure, but it's a sign that further observation is required. Ask your doctor how often to check it or have it checked. Certain diseases, such as kidney disease, can cause high blood pressure. In 90 to 95 percent of cases, the cause of high blood pressure is unknown.